Charles Covington, Jr. is a self-taught Baltimore native, is a treasure trove of jazz lore who appears on over seventy-five albums. As a junior high student, he was expelled from school when he was caught in the band room picking out chords on the piano. The rock-and-roll loving Fats Domino fan’s introduction to jazz came as a high school senior when his principal played jazz over the intercom before the start of classes. After hearing Errol Garner and Ahmad Jamal, Covington was “hooked” on jazz. When he heard Ray Charles, he decided he had to imitate that sound. As his exposure to jazz grew, he became determined to “find his own way.” Covington could hear any tune and “duplicate it.” Gifted with perfect pitch, by his own admission he became a jazz “fanatic.”
**This is access to a recording of the live performance on our stage on Nov. 8, 2020.**
Following a stint in the army, Covington returned to Baltimore determined to learn music and play jazz. He enrolled at the Peabody Conservatory, taking the only class offered in jazz. Ironically, he was not allowed to attend classes. He took his instruction in this teacher’s home because people of color were not welcomed at Peabody at that time. Undaunted, Covington taught himself piano and organ at the Hammond Music School in Baltimore, spending 50 cents an hour to learn in their practice rooms.
According to Covington, his real music education came from his haunting of clubs on the famed Baltimore Street in downtown Baltimore that provided him opportunities to hear a myriad of musicians and musical styles. While his skills were in their infancy, he apprenticed himself to a local singer named Peaches who took a liking to him and took him under her wing. As Covington explained, Peaches exposed the neophyte, who never drank or smoked, to Baltimore’s club world. His challenge was to learn and play from her personal songbook.
Under Peaches’ mentorship, Covington got to know all the musicians “on the block,” memorizing twelve to fifteen songs daily so he could play anything. Experiencing disparate treatment from a musician’s union that favored whites, he and other musicians of color were required “not to stand out” during the breaks in the clubs where they played.
As Covington’s fame grew, he studied Fats Waller, Ray Charles, Wild Bill Davis, and Jimmy Smith. He perfected his use of the sustain pedal on the B-3. Musicians spread the word about this young “cat” who could play anything. Earning “steady money” and developing a loyal following, Covington became an opening act at the Royal Theater in Baltimore. His big break came when a local drummer invited him to play in New York. In the audience was George Benson’s manager, who after hearing him play invited him to tour and play with Benson. Ironically, while the money was good, there were times when things were slow and “tight” on the road. With a growing family in Baltimore, Covington took up chess. In an effort to make ends meet, he’d haunt the chess clubs in New York where he “hustled” chess. True to form, Covington was obsessed with chess and became one of the top ten black chess players in America. He still enjoys “Life Master” status granted by the United States Chess Federation.
Three years on and off the road with Benson took a toll on Covington, and the rigors of family life required his presence at home. As a regular in the Baltimore and Washington music scene who was equally adept at piano or organ, he earned a solid living working with many bands. He toured in Europe and China with various groups. When asked why he never signed a record contract, his response was simple and direct: “I wanted to control my music.”
His renown and expertise as a jazz pianist and organist garnered the attention of the Peabody Conservatory of Music who, after his early experience there, hired him to teach jazz piano. His tenure there lasted twenty years. He also added to his resume a twelve-year stint as a professor of piano at Howard University.
As jazz pianist in residence at the Kennedy Center, Covington performs there annually. One needs only to search YouTube to see his stellar performances on the K.C. Millennium Stage with a host of notable musicians and his many concerts at Howard University. Charles Covington, pianist, organist, chess master, mathematician, magician . . . gentle genius.
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